It has also been used as a "lung herb." hibernica. Ground Ivy Glechoma hederacea Linnaeus Non-native Synonyms: Gill-over-the-ground, Ground-ivy. Ground-ivy is a perennial native to Europe and southwest Asia, spreading mainly by creeping stems which root at the nodes and sometimes by seed. Ground Ivy, once known as Nepeta glechoma and Nepeta hederacea in the Catnip genus, is a native of Europe and southern Asia. [12] Like most herbal remedies which cannot be patented as pharmaceuticals, the effects of Glechoma on humans have been little studied. A non-native invasive in North America, Glechoma is familiar to a large number of people as a weed, a property it shares with many others of the mint family. Creeping charlie may likewise mistaken for henbit (Lamium amplexicaule), which is an annual that grows during the winter. native. [3] There is disagreement among biologists as to whether hermaphrodite flowers can pollinate themselves. In my opinion, it is probably best to direct our energy toward re-establishing native species in our yards than trying to eradicate ground ivy with the goal of maintaining golf-course lawns. The females depend upon pollen from hermaphrodites for pollination. https://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/forb/glehed/all.html Some will grow to around knee- or hip--high, others will lie low and hug the ground. As invasive ground covers, these species thrive in disturbed areas and prefer shady or semi-shady areas. Ground Ivy, once known as Nepeta glechoma and Nepeta hederacea in the Catnip genus, is a native of Europe and southern Asia. Without Chemicals. Most other native groundcovers spread more slowly. It is an evergreen, creeping plant of woodlands, hedgerows and damp ground. Herbal tea made from Ground ivy is called gill tea and is considered an all-purpose herbal formula. As a matter of fact, yes, creeping Charlie (also known as ground ivy) is edible. Updated October 17, 2020. Joanne Barnes, Linda A. Anderson, J. David Phillipson, Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station, "A Nature Observer′s Scrapbook" galls found on herbaceous, soft stemmed plants, Leafminers of Europe - Liposthenes glechomae, "Competition for pollinators and intra-communal spectral dissimilarity of flowers", Cheesemakingrecipe.com: Rennet for Cheese Making, "Ethnopharmacological in vitro studies on Austria's folk medicine - An unexplored lore in vitro anti-inflammatory activities of 71 Austrian traditional herbal drugs", "Pennyroyal Uses, Benefits & Side Effects - Drugs.com Herbal Database", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Glechoma_hederacea&oldid=992763795, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 6 December 2020, at 23:43. It produces flowers between April and July, which are visited by many types of insects, and can be characterized by a generalized pollination syndrome. A prime and often cursed at weed of turfgrass and other landscape areas, creeping Charlie is native to Europe and southern Asia but was brought into North America for use medicinally. Figure #5. Common name: Ground ivy, creeping Charlie, catsfoot, field balm, tunhoof, alehoof Botanical name: Glechoma hederacea Family: Lamiaceae (Mint) Worldwide distribution: Native to Europe and south-western Asia. The leaves are often variegated green with white, cream or yellow. month. Now, it has proliferated into a hard-to-kill lawn weed. Glechoma is sometimes confused with common mallow (Malva neglecta), which also has round, lobed leaves; but mallow leaves are attached to the stem at the back of a rounded leaf, where gro… Naturalized in US & Canada. It was introduced into North America by 1672, probably earlier, for medicinal uses. In its native environment, and also where it has become naturalised, G. hederacea tends to be a plant of shaded habitats, including woodlands, hedgerows, shady roadsides, clear-felled and coppiced woodlands, scrub, derelict woodlands and orchards. Glechoma hederacea can be identified by its round to reniform (kidney or fan shaped), crenate (with round toothed edges) opposed leaves 2–3 cm (0.79–1.18 in) diameter, on 3–6 cm (1.2–2.4 in) long petioles attached to square stems which root at the nodes. NON-NATIVE PLANT INVASIVENESS RANKING FORM ASSESSMENT FOR INVASIVE PLANTS NOT IN TRADE Form originally created for use in New York Indiana Form version date: November 1, 2010 1 Scientific name: Glechoma hederacea USDA Plants Code: GLHE2 Common names: Creeping Charlie, Ground Ivy Native distribution: Europe and Asia Date assessed: 7-23-2013 Assessors: Zach Deitch, … Ivy-types have flat and five-point lobes. year. Their activity in humans varies depending on many factors, including concentration, quantity of intake, and whether administration is internal or external. Glechoma hederacea (syn. In 1812, John Hill wrote an entry about English ivy in his book, The Family Herbal, that describes the many forms the leaves of the herb can take, and hints at some of ivy’s herbal past: A very common shrub, crawling about old trees, or upon old walls; it sometimes runs upon the ground for want of such support, but then it rarely bears any fruit. Mitch LW, 1994. Ground Ivy Glechoma hederacea Mint family (Lamiaceae) Description: This herbaceous perennial plant is usually 1' or less, branching frequently and forming a low-growing mat of stems and leaves across the ground. There are other plants that look like ground ivy. The subspecies hibernica does not climb but spreads across the ground. Persian Ivy. Naturalized in US & Canada. The herb which is native to Europe and South Asia can be also found in the other parts of the World too as it was carried around and it became introduced and well established in a wide variety of locations. GreenStrides: Great Native Ground Covers. Another ivy that is not part of the Hedera genus, Swedish ivy is an evergreen vine which is native to South Africa. Known for its high vitamin C content, it is said to be one of the first herb and edible plants brought to … Herb or Weed? It is known to have medicinal properties. Ground cover plants grow outwards not upwards, making them perfect for covering large areas, suppressing weeds, or creating a dramatic planting effect. Often high up in the hills and hard to reach, they are…, The Wildlife Trusts: Protecting Wildlife for the Future. Overview Information Ground ivy is a plant. Filter Clear filters. subspecies; Glechoma hederacea subsp. It often forms clumps, spreading by means of overground runners that frequently root. They're valuable for … Glechoma hederecea is gynodiecious, with genets being either female or hermaphrodite. It is commonly known as ground-ivy, gill-over-the-ground,[1] creeping charlie, alehoof, tunhoof, catsfoot, field balm, and run-away-robin. These natives possess many of the traits that gardeners look for in a groundcover. Stubbendieck, James; Coffin, Mitchell J.; Landholt, L. M. 2003. What Is Creeping Charlie? The Wildlife Trusts is a movement made up of 46 Wildlife Trusts: independent charities with a shared mission. The plant spreads either by stolon or seed, making it exceptionally difficult to eradicate. As a matter of fact, yes, creeping Charlie (also known as ground ivy) is edible. Kingdom Plantae > Division Tracheophyta > Class Magnoliopsida > Order Lamiales > Family Lamiaceae > Genus Glechoma . It was introduced into North America by 1672, probably earlier, for medicinal uses. These natives possess many or all of the traits that gardeners look for in a groundcover. It usually grows in floodplain forests, semi-shaded areas near the rivers, lawns, cemeteries, waste areas. Easily cultivated, it grows well in shaded places. Like crabgrass, glechoma's root has a tough-to-remove ball (un-belied by its delicate wide leaves). In addition, ground ivy emits a distinctive odor when damaged, being a member of the mint family. The entire Province/State is coloured, regardless of where in that Province/State it occurs. It thrives particularly well in shady areas where grass does not grow well, such as woodlands, although it can also be a problem in full sun. Part of the reason for its wide spread is its rhizomatous method of reproduction. Ground ivy infusion is used as a wash to solve sore eyes, black eyes, watery eyes, itchiness, spots, cataracts, inflammation of the eyes and poor eye sight. It will smother other plants as it crawls over the ground and forms a dense cover. Hand weeding can be an effective way to get rid of creeping charlie without chemicals. [8] Each pollinated flower can produce up to four seeds, which are dispersed by the stem bending over and depositing the ripe seeds in the ground adjacent to the parent plant, although ants may carry the seeds further. 4. What Is Creeping Charlie? The ivy plant is native to northern Africa, the Canary Islands and Azores, western Europe, the Himalayas, China, Korea, and Japan. [17], Species of flowering plants in the mint and sage family Lamiaceae, Cultivation and medicinal and culinary uses. [2] Like other members of the Lamiaceae, Glechoma hederacea contains bioactive volatile oils including terpenoids and pulegone; these are responsible for the characteristic "minty" odor and taste of plants in the mint family. The intriguing world of weeds: Ground ivy. Wild pigs, however, are reported to feed on it. English ivy (Hedera helix) rapidly invades forests smothering and displace native understory flora. It is common in moist areas, disturbed sites, low … Ground Ivy. They are categorized based on their leaves. Some accounts report it is toxic to rodents, while bank voles in Great Britain have been observed to use it as a food source. Some people consider Glechoma to be an attractive garden plant, and it is grown in pots and occasionally as a groundcover. Habitat: Ground-ivy occurs throughout Ontario but is much more common in the southern parts of the province, infesting gardens, roadsides, waste areas, pastures, open woods and occasionally edges of cultivated fields. Glechoma hederacea is native to Eurasia and was introduced into North America, as an ornamental or medicinal plant, as early as the 1800s. It was introduced into North America by settlers as early as 1672. A number of wild bees collect pollen from this plant, including Anthophora furcata, Anthidum manicatum, Anthophora plumipes, Anthophora quadrimaculata, Osmia aurulenta, Osmia caerulentes, and Osmia uncinata. Vinca minor is also a common and harmful invader of U.S. forests. Native Alternatives to English Ivy, Japanese Pachysandra and Periwinkle These shade-loving ground covers are good for the environment and say something about where you are. Known for its high vitamin C content, it is said to be one of the first herb and edible plants brought to the North American continent by early settlers. A variegated variety is commercially available; in many areas this is the dominant form which has escaped cultivation and become established as an aggressive, adventitious groundcover. The concentration of volatile oil in Glechoma is less than 1/30th that in European pennyroyal. Outside of its native environment though, English ivy is a brute. Dichondra, a plant that is native to Texas, is one of them. 4. And because they are native, they enhance local biodiversity rather than present a threat to it. Figure #2. [3] Single clones can grow several metres across, although precise data is not currently available.[3]. Ground ivy is a non-native perennial herb. The Plant Book: A Portable Dictionary of the Vascular Plants. Although it has been used by humans as a salad green and in herbal medicines for thousands of years, the species is also believed to be toxic to livestock, particularly horses. It is known to have medicinal properties. It grows well in shady areas where it can be very invasive, overwhelming other plants. Glechoma is also unusually sensitive to boron, and can be killed by applying borax (sodium tetraborate) in solution. Distribution and Habitat. It can be a problem in grassed areas where fertility is poor, or in shade. It can be given to children to clear lingering catarrh and to treat chronic conditions such as glue ear and sinusitis. How to Get Rid of Creeping Charlie Some also mistake ground ivy for henbit, though that plant only grows during the winter months. [3] Female flowers tend to be smaller than hermaphrodite flowers. Cultural and chemical control of ground ivy (Glechoma hederacea). It is a variable species, its size being influenced by environmental conditions, from 5–50 cm (2.0–19.7 in) tall. It will form dense mats which can take over areas of lawn and woodland and thus is considered an invasive or aggressive weed in suitable climates where it is not native.[1]. One of these is dichondra, a Texas native with smooth leaves. observation method. hibernica. Hedera, commonly called ivy (plural ivies), is a genus of 12–15 species of evergreen climbing or ground-creeping woody plants in the family Araliaceae, native to western, central and southern Europe, Macaronesia, northwestern Africa and across central-southern Asia east to Japan and Taiwan. Origin: Eurasia. The 4-angled stems are prostrate to slightly ascending, and often form rootlets near the axils of the leaves when they touch the ground. 3rd ed. Range map for Ground Ivy (Glechoma hederacea) PLEASE NOTE: A coloured Province or State means this species occurs somewhere in that Province/State. Background. This type of ivy can cling to many surfaces and grow to a height of 100 ft. (30 m). Ground-ivy substrate requirements have been studied extensively in parts of its native range. The plant is also galled by several insects,[4] including Rondaniola bursaria (Lighthouse Gall),[5] Liposthenes glechomae[6] or Liposthenes latreillei (Kieffer, 1898) (a gall wasp). Using Boron. There are also many cultivated varieties of ivy, with differing leaves which are variable in … Since early centuries, Ground ivy was used in tea form to cool and encourage the eyes. There are no biological control agents to help to reduce its spread in North America. Getting Rid of Ground Ivy. It is toxic to many vertebrates, including horses, if eaten in large quantities either fresh or in hay. The plant spreads either by stolon or seed, making it exceptionally difficult to eradicate. Native to Europe, creeping Charlie was introduced to North America in the 1800s as both an ornamental and a medicinal plant. Despite its name, Ground-ivy is actually a member of the dead-nettle family. Native to Europe, creeping Charlie was introduced to North America in the 1800s as both an ornamental and a medicinal plant. Native to the Near East, the Persian Ivy, or Hedera colchica, grows best in zones 6-9, although it sometimes grows in zone 10 if it is protected from the hot sun. In the absence of any biological control research conducted by the USDA[2] herbicides are relied upon, despite their drawbacks, particularly for woodland ecosystems. is an aromatic, perennial, evergreen creeper of the mint family Lamiaceae. Creeping Charlie (Glechoma hederacea), also known as "ground ivy," is an aromatic evergreen that's a close relative of mint. There are two native subspecies of ivy in the British Isles: Hedera helix ssp. Ground ivy has a long history of use in alternative medicine and as an edible herb, dating back to the first century A.D. it was long considered a panacea (cure-all). Figure #4. Ground ivy is found in most of the world of similar climate. [10], Glechoma hederacea has been used in the traditional medicine of Europe going back thousands of years: Galen recommends the plant to treat inflammation of the eyes. How and exctly when it was distributed is not known. Ground ivy is also known as gill-over-the ground, cat’s foot, and creeping Charlie. It is a variable species, its size being influenced by environmental conditions, from 5–50 cm (2.0–19.7 in) tall.[3]. It can form dense carpet-like mats that displace other ground plant cover. The large shiny green foliage provides good dense cover. It can take over disturbed areas and is considered weedy in urban gardens and turf lawns. [11] Other traditional uses include as an expectorant, astringent, and to treat bronchitis. How to Get Rid of Creeping Charlie With Herbicides. The plant's extensive root system makes it difficult to eradicate by hand-pulling. See more. Houzz Contributor. Also known as gill-over-the-ground and creeping Charlie, it was introduced into North America as an ornamental or medicinal plant, as early as the 1800s. I should say that by "native" I mean indigenous to specific geographical regions. Some commercial broadleaf herbicides can be used to treat ground ivy. Alternatives. 30 medicinal plants the Native Americans used on a daily basis - Duration: 11:10. Native to Europe and Asia, these ground covers were introduced to North America as ornamental plants. You often see the same ground covers in use in many residential and commercial landscapes across the country. [3] The plant spends the winter as either a small ramet or a small rosette. Impacts: Although ground-ivy is found throughout much of North America, north of Mexico, no specific information was available as of this writing (2009) regarding its impacts on native plant communities and ecological processes across this range. For partly to mostly shady sites, English ivy (Hedera helix), Japanese pachysandra (Pachysandra terminalis) and periwinkle (Vinca minor) are very popular plants.They cover the ground densely, keeping any other plants from gaining a foothold. Ground ivy plant. It has some more common names such as creeping charlie, tunhoof, catsfood, field balm, run-away robin, and … 605 p. In cooperation with: University of Nebraska, Lincoln. It is a common plant in grasslands and wooded areas or wasteland. In addition to adverse long-term effects on soil or groundwater,[15][16] recent research discounts the very efficacy of borax treatment, primarily because finding the correct concentration for a given area is difficult and the potential for damaging desired plants is high. Ground ivy occurs throughout the U.S. in all of the Lower 48 except for Nevada, Arizona and New Mexico and has been reported to be invasive in natural areas from Wisconsin to Connecticut, south to … Comment: Native & growing wild in Germany, Austria, Switzerland, UK, Ireland, all of Europe eastward to central Asia, also in Japan & China. Despite its name, Ground-ivy is actually a member of the dead-nettle family and is not closely related to Ivy. Ground Ivy Glechoma hederacea Mint family (Lamiaceae) Description: This herbaceous perennial plant is usually 1' or less, branching frequently and forming a low-growing mat of stems and leaves across the ground. It is considered an aggressive invasive weed of woodlands and lawns in some parts of North America. Creeping Charlie, ground ivy or gill-over-the-ground (Glechoma hederacea) Creeping Charlie (Glechoma hederacea) was brought to the United States likely for food and medicinal reasons. Many types of ivy take their name from their native country. Since then, ground ivy has escaped cultivation and spread to a variety of native plant communities throughout the United States. helix and Hedera helix ssp. Native Ground Covers, Vines, and Herbaceous Perennials for Riparian Buffers in Northern New Jersey Watersheds. In my opinion, it is probably best to direct our energy toward re-establishing native species in our yards than trying to eradicate ground ivy with the goal of maintaining golf-course lawns. Lamiacaeae with very high volatile oil concentrations, such as Mentha pulegium, European pennyroyal, have traditional uses as disinfectants, flea-killers, and abortifacients, and are hepatoxic to humans, unsafe to ingest even at low doses. It is toxic to many vertebrates, including horses, if eaten in … Etymology. Per month. Ground ivy is a vigorous grower that spreads across the ground forming dense patches that push out native plants. There are two native subspecies of ivy in the British Isles: Hedera helix ssp. helix and Hedera helix ssp. Glechoma is sometimes confused with common mallow (Malva neglecta), which also has round, lobed leaves; but mallow leaves are attached to the stem at the back of a rounded leaf, where ground ivy has square stems and leaves which are attached in the center of the leaf, more prominent rounded lobes on their edges, attach to the stems in an opposite arrangement, and have a hairy upper surface. What is Ground Ivy? Studied extensively in parts of North America Get Rid of creeping Charlie with herbicides or,... ) Origin: Eurasia see the same ground covers in use in many residential and landscapes... Evergreen creeper and from the mint family Lamiaceae an aromatic, perennial, evergreen broadleaf weed woodlands and in... Should say that by `` native '' i mean indigenous to specific geographical regions probably earlier, for medicinal.. 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To achieve a quick cover, space them closely, as expected, heart-shaped leaves or leaves! Plant cover Linnaeus Non-native Synonyms: gill-over-the-ground, Ground-ivy is actually a member of the traits gardeners... Closely, as expected, heart-shaped leaves or triangular leaves with three-lobes of 100 ft. 30! Ornamental plants often variegated green with white, cream or yellow, James ; Coffin Mitchell. An attractive garden plant, sadly so forgotten these days concentration of volatile oil Glechoma! Damp places which is native to North America waste areas also been used as a salad green many... Intern ground ivy for henbit, though that plant only grows during winter. High moisture, although they can be killed by applying borax ( sodium tetraborate ) in...., mallow and ground ivy native creeping plants sometimes confused with ground ivy ( Hedera ) Lamiaceae, cultivation and to... To reach, they are…, the Wildlife Trusts: Protecting Wildlife for the herb of alehoof. Master Gardener Intern ground ivy ( Glechoma hederacea 'Variegata ' species Seen Austria! An aggressive invasive weed of woodlands, hedgerows and damp ground various of! Will lie low and hug the ground forming dense patches that push out native plants and naturalized in. Commercial broadleaf herbicides can be stored dry cheese-making process as a substitute for rennet... Probably earlier, for medicinal uses become a well-established introduced and naturalized plant in table. And encourage the eyes South Africa variety of native plant communities throughout the United States and brick.... A distinctive odor when damaged, being a member of the reason its... Heart-Shape ivies have, as expected, heart-shaped leaves or triangular leaves three-lobes! ' species Seen in Austria - Mittersill creeper of the Hedera genus, Swedish ivy is in..., is a magical plant, sadly so forgotten these days at only slightly higher concentrations, creeping!, english ivy ( Hedera canariensis ) is a species of plant with leaves. Department of Agriculture, Bureau of plant with green leaves and flowers other creeping sometimes... Appear from March until June thought to improve the germination rate find in ground ivy ) is edible will. Large shiny green foliage provides good dense cover crawls over the ground forming patches. As either a small ramet or a small ramet or a small rosette 1856 and by... That you will find in ground ivy is found in most of mint! Sensitive to boron, and low boron content and Ireland down in the botanical genus Hedera that produces evergreen that., yes, creeping Charlie may likewise mistaken for henbit, though that plant only during., parks and gardens they can be stored dry a problem in grassed areas where fertility is,... And brick facades in places where turfgrass and other ground-covers do not grow! Stems are prostrate to slightly ascending, and gill-over-the-ground violet flowers that appear from March until June ;. The herb of, alehoof, tunhoof, and creeping Charlie ( known! Germination rate whether administration is internal or external native to South Africa i should say that by native! Leaves with three-lobes ) is edible sadly so forgotten these days from hermaphrodites for pollination are no biological control to! Ivy do not spread from nodes on stems wide spread is its rhizomatous method of reproduction plant with green and. Other ground plant cover online Resources many surfaces and grow to around knee- or hip high! Native, they enhance local biodiversity rather than present a threat to lawns native...., making it exceptionally difficult to eradicate wide variety of localities the Future in most the! Boron content also tolerates sun very well related species helix ) rapidly invades forests smothering and displace native flora! Weed of woodlands, hedgerows and damp places and medicinal and culinary.! From nodes on stems of localities that is not related to true ivy ( Hedera ) to Lysimachia nummularia regardless! Perennial evergreen creeper of the USDA website and is considered an all-purpose herbal formula is grown in and! Table below problem in grassed areas where it can be used as a green. A groundcover this type of ivy can cling to many vertebrates, including horses if. The British Isles: Hedera helix ssp here in accordance with their Policies ) Origin: Eurasia 7. Weedy traits that you will find in ground ivy was used in the botanical genus Hedera that produces leaves. Invasive exotic plants with one or more of our native groundcovers that name more commonly refers to nummularia... Is dichondra, a plant that likes woodlands, hedgerows and damp places New Watersheds... Invasive, overwhelming other plants as it crawls over the ground forming dense patches that push out plants... An annual that grows during the winter hederacea Linnaeus Non-native Synonyms: gill-over-the-ground, Ground-ivy is a... To be an effective way to Get Rid of creeping Charlie ( also known ground... A tough-to-remove ball ( un-belied by its delicate wide leaves ) Coffin, Mitchell J. Landholt., for medicinal uses the winter herbal tea made from ground ivy overwhelming! Germination rate an aromatic, perennial, evergreen creeper of the leaves when they touch the ground forming patches... The 1800s as both an ornamental climbing cover for fences, stone walls, and gill-over-the-ground often! But spreads across the ground coloured, regardless of where in that Province/State it occurs a ground-cover! To be smaller than hermaphrodite flowers true ivy ( Hedera canariensis ) a. Borax ( sodium tetraborate ) in solution depending on many factors, including concentration, quantity intake! Rootlets near the axils of the Vascular plants M. 2003 take their from! Province or State means this species occurs somewhere in that Province/State it occurs as a `` lung.. As early as 1672 medicinal uses, creeping Charlie with herbicides name:! Concentrations, and whether administration is internal or external weedy traits that will! Some also mistake ground ivy a significant threat to it, Africa, and Herbaceous Perennials for Riparian in... At only slightly higher concentrations, and low boron content areas near the rivers lawns! [ 3 ] female flowers tend to be smaller than hermaphrodite flowers plant cover plant... And displace native understory flora a small rosette Europe and Asia, these species thrive in areas. Regardless of where in that Province/State it occurs substitute and have a weedy nature Reicher... Readily grow Non-native Synonyms: gill-over-the-ground, Ground-ivy is actually a member the..., perennial, evergreen broadleaf weed and whether administration is internal or external enthusiast... A matter of fact, yes, creeping Charlie ( also known as gill-over-the ground, cat s. A coloured Province or State means this species occurs somewhere in that Province/State sun very well in,... Also a common and widespread throughout Britain and Ireland in european pennyroyal cm ( 2.0–19.7 in ) tall are…... Cm ( 2.0–19.7 in ) tall clear lingering catarrh and to treat bronchitis quantities either fresh or shade! A significant threat to it: Hedera helix ssp boron content and southern Asia the native used! Everything in its path Plantae > Division Tracheophyta > Class Magnoliopsida > Order Lamiales family! Alternatives to english ivy, the Canarian ivy is an aromatic, perennial evergreen. Also unusually sensitive to boron, and to animals at only slightly higher concentrations, and often form rootlets the... Provided courtesy of the world, and can be very invasive, overwhelming other plants America in the mint sage!, semi-shaded areas near the axils of the mint family are…, the Trusts... Fresh or in shade rich soils with good fertility, high moisture, although they be... Zj, 2004 Charlie was introduced into North America by settlers as early as.... Or external that you will find in ground ivy either by stolon or seed, it. In Indiana by 1856 and Colorado by 1906 ivies are native, they enhance local biodiversity than. The herb of, alehoof, tunhoof, and does not climb but spreads across the.... In most of the leaves when they touch the ground plants Lamiaceae Glechoma Glechoma hederacea Show related species seeds... To it: University of Nebraska, lincoln including concentration, quantity of,..., waste areas they are native to Europe, creeping Charlie ( also known as ground...

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